Wednesday, August 10, 2011

Instructions, Directions and Procedures 2


Duke Street Students : How to Make (Our Own Special) Indian Tea


Grammar (Level 2+): Used for ..+ verb-ing & Used to + verb

In our lessons we talked about UTENSILS and TOOLS.

eg. A rolling pin is used for preparing dough

Exercise: Can you tell me what these kitchen utensils are used for?

A whisk

An egg beater

A flipper

A carving knife

Used to ...

It is easy to confuse used to and used for.

Used to = something we did in the past but not now

eg. I used to drink 10 cups of coffee a day (but not now).

Remember the small spelling change with QUESTIONS and NEGATIVES ... drop the 'd'

eg. Did you use to drink lots of coffee?

eg. I didn't use to drink lots of coffee, but now I do.

Exercise: Try these online exercises

Exercise 1 (mix and match)

Exercise 2 (word order)

Exercise 3 (complete the sentences)

Exercise 4 (complete the sentences 2)


Homework (Level 2+):

How to Make a Good Cup of Coffee

Here is a simple (but good recipe for making a great cup of coffee by Ryan from the Flying Saucers Cafe in Santa Monica, California (USA).

Can you write instructions? Also list INGREDIENTS / UTENSILS.


a single cup filter

a paper filter insert

a 1 ounce scoop

boiling water

a grinder

to grind

(ground) beans

to dump something

to place back

to pour

a circular motion

to drip through

to stick

fine (adj)



coarse (adj)

to remove



In this lesson we are looking at PROCEDURES (Instructions explained). We use the PASSIVE VOICE when we describe most procedures. The OBJECT and not the SUBJECT of the action are important.

eg. the coffee beans are sorted

Watch this video about HOW COFFEE IS MADE.

Take some notes on the PROCEDURE for WET PROCESSING or DRY PROCESSING. (We will continue this exercise in class ...)


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